Anna Miller Museum
401 Delaware in Newcastle (307) 746-4188

Built in the 1930s, the museum was originally a WPA project for Company 1, 115th Cavalry of the Wyoming National Guard. The structure is built of hand-hewn sandstone blocks, quarried from nearby Salt Creek. Originally there were three main areas: the tack room, the stables and the sergeant’s quarters, which all now house many of the exhibits.

Included with the museum complex is the Green Mountain School. This one-room building is typical of rural schoolhouses of the 1890-1930s. It contains a wood burning stove, school desks, maps, blackboards, globe, bell, water bucket and dipper along with lunch boxes and more.

Also on the complex is the Homesteader’s House and the Jenny Stockade, true models of pioneer cabins and representative of how the westerners once lived. The Jenny Stockade Cabin is the oldest existing building of the Black Hills gold rush. It was also a stage station along the Cheyenne Deadwood Trail.

The museum houses many interesting artifacts from the Old Cambria Coal Camp. A crew of men, who worked for the Kilpatrick Brothers and Collins Co., discovered the coal in 1887, 7 miles northwest of Newcastle. Cambria was known as the “Model Coal Camp of the World.” Saloons couldn’t be built in the coal-mining town, because of a promise the Kilpatrick brothers made to their mother. A police force was never formed because the town of Cambria never incorporated. A lone sheriff, armed with brass knuckles and a gun, enforced the law.

The museums display of fossils thrills young and old alike. The collection includes the skullcap of Pachysephalosaures, sections of Tyrannosaurs Rex and Triceratops.

Yesteryear comes alive in the museum’s country store. It is filled with nostalgic items like P&G bar soap used by pioneer women to scrub clothes on washboards. The store brings back memories for some. For others it provides a glimpse of turn-of-the-century life.

The museum was named after Anna Cecelia McMoran Miller, the daughter of a pioneer family, and the widow of Sheriff Billy Miller, who was killed in what is known as the last Indian battle in the area. She was Newcastle’s first librarian, a pioneer schoolteacher and school superintendent. It is open year round Monday through Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Summertime it opens on Saturdays from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m.

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